Safety Learning Laboratory for Neonatal and Maternal Care

Project Summary

While maternal admission for newborn birth is the most common reason for hospital admission, labor and delivery still comes with substantial risk to both mother and baby. In fact, the U.S. infant mortality rate is three times greater than that of other developed countries, and the U.S. maternal mortality ratio has increased in recent years.

The Safety Learning Laboratory for Neonatal and Maternal Care (SLLNMC) conducts research to improve the safety and quality of care provided to mothers and babies during labor and delivery.

Our goals:

  1. Develop an optimal neonatal data display
  2. Develop an optimal maternal data display
  3. Devise a toolkit for early recognition and prevention of maternal clinical deterioration
  4. Design the optimal physical layout of the labor and delivery suite

This project was funded under grant number 5 P30 HS023506 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The investigators are solely responsible for this webpage’s contents, findings, and conclusions, which do not necessarily represent the views of AHRQ. Readers should not interpret any statement on this webpage as an official position of AHRQ or of HHS. None of the investigators has any affiliation or financial involvement that conflicts with the material presented on this webpage.


Presentations & Publications


Rossol SL, Yan JK, Toney-Noland C, Bergin J, Basavaraju C, Kumar P, Lee HC. Non-Contact Video-Based Neonatal Respiratory Monitoring. Children (Basel). 2020 October. doi: 10.3390/children7100171

Ma AL, Cohen RS, Lee HC. Learning from Wildfire Disaster Experience in California NICUs. Children (Basel). 2020 Oct 1;7(10):E155. doi: 10.3390/children7100155.

Brodzinsky L, Crowe S, Lee HL, Goldhaber-Fiebert SN, Sie L, Padua KL, Daniels K.  What’s in a Name? Enhancing Communication in the Operating Room with the Use of Names and Roles on Surgical Caps. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. Accepted, pending publication.

Book Chapters

Tran L, Daniels K. The Patient Status Board: an Optimal Data Disiplay for Labor and Delivery. The Medical Checklist, Cognitive Aid, and Clinical Decision Support Systems Handbook. Accepted, pending publication.

Team Members

Allison Cong, Student Research Assistant 

Amy Ma, Student Research Assistant 

Arun Gupta, Neonatologist 

Brandon Lieu, Student Research Assistant 

Caroline Toney-Noland, Research Coordinator 

Chris Rothe, Machinist 

Dan Nathan-Roberts, Human Factors and Ergonomics Expert 

Doug Schwandt, Mechanical Engineer 

Felicia Cleper-Borkovi, Architect 

Henry Chong Lee, Neonatologist and Principal Investigator 

Janene Fuerch, Neonatologist 

Janine Bergin, Research Assistant 

Jules Sherman, Designer 

Kay Daniels, Obstetrician 

Kenji Sotto, Nursing Student 

Kimber Lee Padua, Research Assistant 

Laura Hedli, Science Writer 

Lillian Sie, Project Manager 

Lou Halamek, Neonatologist and Principal Investigator 

Marya Zlatnik, Obstetrician 

Naola Austin, Anesthesiologist 

Neha Chopra, Research Assistant 

Neha Joshi, Neonatologist 

Nicole Yamada, Neonatologist 

Ritu Chitkara, Neonatologist 

Susan Crowe, Obstetrician 


Julie Arafeh

Lorena Behrmann

Ivette Gutierrez

Colleen Hamilton

Ethan Li

Michael Kolatis

John Kowalczyk

Alexandria Kristensen-Cabrera

Awe Lapcharoensap

Steven Lipman

Anna Lue

Jennifer Malana

Allison McDonald

Russell Meeks

Allan Ndovu

Maya Prasad

Jennifer Rudy

Sanaa Suharwardy

Merrick Tan

Linh Tran-Ito

Ya'el Weiner

Madeleine Weiss

Amanda Yeaton-Massey

Mary Yurashevich

Contact Us

For more information, please contact:

Lillian Sie, Project Manager, (650) 736-9936

Dr. Henry Lee, Associate Professor, (650) 725-8046

Learn more about our collaborator, the Center for Advanced Pediatric and Perinatal Education (CAPE).


Principal InvestigatorLou Halamek, MD, FAAP, Professor, Pediatrics & Director of CAPE (Stanford)

Co-InvestigatorHenry Lee, MD, MS, FAAP, Assistant Professor, Pediatrics (Stanford)

Project 1 LeaderJanene Fuerch, MD, FAAP, Clinical Instructor, Pediatrics (Stanford)

Project 2 LeaderKay Daniels, MD, Clinical Professor, Ob-gyn (Stanford)

Project 3 LeaderAudrey Lyndon, PhD, RN, FAAN, Assistant Dean for Clinical Research & Professor, Rory Meyers College of Nursing (NYU)

Project 4 Leader: Naola Shaneal Austin, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology (Stanford)

Project ManagerLillian Sie, MPH (Stanford)

Lead Consultants:

EngineerDoug Schwandt, MS / MotionGenesis

DesignerJules Sherman, MFA / JS Design Group, Inc. & Maternal Life, LLC

Architect: Felicia Cleper-Borkovi, AIA, MFA / Arup